Ground gas or natural gas a type of naturally-occurring hydrocarbon gaseous mixture. It consists primarily of methane. However, it also includes other elements like alkanes, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulphide, nitrogen, or helium.
Ground gas develops when layers and layers of decomposing animal and plant matter are exposed directly to extreme heat and pressure under the surface of the Earth for over millions of years. The energy that plants obtained initially from the sun is then stored as chemical bonds in the gas.
Uses of Ground Gas
A type of fossil fuel, ground gas is commonly used as an organic source of energy for cooking, heating, and electricity. It can also be used as fuel for vehicles, a type of chemical compound in the creation of plastics, and can complement other significant organic chemicals. Unlike different types ofenergy source, fossil fuel like ground gas is a non-renewable resource. That means it’s limited, and it’s only a matter of time before it runs out entirely.
Where & How Ground Gas is Collected
Judging from its name, ground gasis exclusively gathered from the ground. It usually exists in deep underground rock formations and hydrocarbon reserves found in methane clathrates and coal beds.
Other Uses & Types
Petroleum is a type of ground gas. The majority of natural gas was created using two mechanisms: thermogenic and biogenic properties. Methanogenic organisms form biogenic gas in landfills, marshes, sediments, and bogs. Keep in mind that the deeper the Earth we go, the higher the temperature and pressure will be. Thermogenic gas forms from a deeply buried natural organic material that’s hidden from everyone underground.
Regarding petroleum production, gas is often burnt and used as a flare. According to statistics coming from the World Bank, over 150 cubic kilometres of ground gas is vented or flared on a yearly basis. Before the production and usage of ground gas as fuel, a majority is processed to remove any impurities (like water residue) to meet the standards of marketable natural ground gasses. Ground gas also produces several by-products. It includes ethane, butane, propane, pentanes, and even higher hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulphide, and water vapour. It can also produce nitrogen and helium.
Ground gas is a beneficial type of gaseous material. It’s a multipurpose fuel that can provide many benefits. It pays to know more about this type of gas and learn how to cultivate and use it correctly.